Service - Installation
you will find 28 questions and answers from getting started
drilling, about wells and how they work,
what you need to do and details about the pumps.
Q - Where
are we located?
A - We are located
in Goldendale, WA. We service much of South Central
Washington. Please view
Q - What exactly
is a drilled well?
A - A drilled well
consist of a hole bored into the ground, with upper part
being lined with casing.
The casing prevents the collapse of
the borehole walls and with a drive shoe or grout seal
prevents surface or subsurface contaminants from entering
the water supply.
Q -How long will
my well supply water?
A - Wells drilled 40 or 50 years ago still produce water and
are in use every day. The wells which have been abandoned
usually have been
abandoned because the steel casing has
out, not because of lack of water. The PVC
used today will last indefinitely, and wells drilled today
should still be producing water many decades from now.
Q - I've heard
of problem wells, how can I know
my well will be good?
A - Wells drilled 20 to 30 or more years ago were usually
not constructed to the kind of standards
today. Unfortunately, there are still contractors today who
don't put out the effort or material to complete wells to
the standards that
are available today. Choosing your
contractor carefully is the key to getting a well you will
happy with. You may want to check the Well Contractors
creditability before hiring. Please
We also have not had any unsatisfied customers.
Q - Do I need a
permit to drill a well?
A - Yes,
Washington requires a permit to
construct a well.
Washington: $200.00 to the
Dept. of Ecology. We will
gladly handle the paperwork on our customer's behalf. To
Q - How do I
decide where to drill?
determine where to drill:
1- Legal distance from both property lines, septic systems and
If your contact your
local Board of Health or Building
they will be able to tell you their specific
will need to have your property perked for the your septic
before having your well drilled.
2- Terrain & accessibility to your well site now and in the
3- Location of future or present home and other out
buildings will affect where you want your well drilled.
4- In some areas where water isn't abundant, witching may
increase the odds of finding water,
by narrowing your search
for a drill site.
Q - When
should I have my well drilled?
A - If you are building a house, the well should be
first. Your building contractor will need
water for a
number of things during the
construction of your home. It
is best to have
the well a head of delivery for manufactured
homes as well.
Q - What do I need to do
before you drill and what will I need to do after your done
A - Every
installation is different, depending on
local codes and
state laws can make a difference
on how much preparation and
finishing touches will need to be done by us or
subcontractors. Most homeowners already have local
they use and we can work with them or if
we can subcontract leaving you with very little to
Q - What
determines how deep my well could be?
A - Well Drilling
is very unpredictable, there is no exact science of locating
the water before you start drilling. However if you consult
with your immediate neighbors, it might give you a
general idea of the average depth of wells in your area. Also State
or Local Regulating agency may have records on file
in your neighborhood.
Q - When drilling
a well, how do you know when
you have reached water?
A - We keep an extensive database of all the wells. From
that information, we can determine your neighbors’ well
depths and static water levels. We also review details
regarding the construction of those wells. This information
can be very helpful when we bid and construct your well. In
addition to the database, and even more importantly, our
well drillers’ experience will help make the final
that result in a successful well.
Q - How much water
can I expect from a well?
A - Most of the
wells we drill can supply more
water than the customer
needs. There are areas,
however, where water resources are
limited or not present. Give us a call and we will be glad
you what you can expect at your location.
Q - How much water
will I need?
A - Depending on
what the demand in the
household is would depend on how much
is needed. For example, is there Irrigation, hot tubs,
multiple bathrooms, and other utilities that demand water?
All these items make a difference from home to home. The
NGWA suggests 7 GPM for the average home.
Most towns require 5 GPM which
is fairly good as a minimum.
Several Irrigation contractor look for 10gpm for Irrigating
the best thing to do is discuss your water
requirements with us and we can compare your
records in your area.
Q - Can you give
me some idea of average water consumption?
A - For overall
daily consumption, checks of
families of various sizes in
different parts of the country indicate 100 gallons per day
per person is
a very good average. In addition we've
provided the following table to help you better understand
common water usage:
Gallons per usage
Flow rate (gpm)
up to 150
Garden Hose 1/2"
Garden Hose 3/4"
How much will my well cost?
A - We can
tell you about what your well will cost by the other
well depths in your area. How big of a
pump you need to
accommodate your needs or the depth of your well
factors into the cost. We cannot give you an exact price
but only an approximate.
Q - Is financing
available for well drilling?
Yes. Banks and Savings & Loans regularly
make loans for
water wells as home improvement loans. This method of
financing offers the best
Q - Is my well
water safe to drink?
A - Yes! Well
water is usually the safest source of drinking water
available. Most deep well water entered the ground
hundreds or even thousands of years ago, before there
were any man made chemicals around. Well water is not as
to pollution, contamination and disease as
the sources of water where municipalities typically get
their water. In our area certain bacteria's are found
but easily treatable. Before your well is used a
sample will need to be tested through the
Department. For further water testing, outside
labs can test your water. We have a list to view of
those testing labs in our
Q - How much
mess will the Drilling Rig make of my yard?
A - If it is a
new construction and the landscaping
has not been
completed then cleanup is simple. When drilling in
established areas some minor landscaping may be needed.
Location for your
well is something to consider for
well pump repair, which will take a
large truck to pull out.
Q - How long
does it take to get my well drilled?
A - Most wells
in this area take two days to a week
or so, depending on
depth and other variables. Of course the sooner you call
the sooner we can get started. We can usually get to
your well started in a timely manner.
Q - What is a
casing and how much will I need?
A - Casing is
a metal pipe designed to sheath the borehole. Casing is
installed until rock, water or consolidated formation is
reached. A minimum of
18 foot seal is required and sometimes
feet, depending on the depth of your well
and how stable the ground stays while drilling.
Q - What is a
PVC liner and do I need one?
A - A PVC
liner is similar to casing only made from poly vinyl
chloride, a very hard form of plastic and usually is
perforated and installed from inside the casing and to
the bottom of the well. This helps eliminate anything
ever falling in or collecting
around the pump. It is
also sometimes used to
install PVC screens.
Q - What is a
well screen, and would I need one?
A - There are
several varieties of screens made up
of either stainless
steel or PVC. Screens are
primarily used in wells that
contain sands and/or gravel, the screens hold back, or
filter the formation, while allowing the water to move
freely through to
the pump without sediment. Whether one
is needed or not, is dependent on the formation drilled,
and the well's tendency to pump sand or grit.
Q - What is a
A - A surface seal is typically bentonite or a
slurry, a form of processed clay; It is
placed in the
oversized borehole around the casing to a minimum depth
of 18 feet to protect the well against possible surface
Q - How do we
determine what pump is good for my well?
A - Determining the
amount of water available in the well; through drilling,
or test pumping, accompanied with the amount of water
the customer needs; allows us to select the correct
pump. This eliminates over-pumping the well and reduces
cycling time of the pump, which greatly increases the
pump and control's longevity.
Q - What brand
of pump do you install?
A - We can, and do
install most major brands of
pump on request, but we
primarily recommend and install both
Flint & Walling,
Aqua Duty, and
Constant Pressure Systems. We have found these pumps to be exceptionally
reliable, efficient and affordable throughout the years.
Q - Do I need
a pump house?
A - A pump
house is designed to house the necessary components to
run the pump system. If you have adequate room, the
controls and pressure tank can be placed inside your
home, either in the garage, basement or utility room;
your shop or in a
pit eliminating the need for a pump
house. The controls and tank need only be protected from
the elements, primarily freezing.
Q - What is a
A - A pressure
tank is what stores your water and delivers it to your
faucets under pressure until the pump comes on. At that
point the pump is doing the work until the tank can be
refilled and allow the
pump to shut off to let the well
Q - What is a pit
A - It is a
threaded metal connector that allows you
to connect your
service line directly to your pump pipe through the
well, below the frost line.
Q - What is
the difference between an air-test and a certified test
A - An air
test is the method of injecting air into the well to
force the water to the surface for measurement. Although
effective, this method sometimes produces a GPM amount more or less than an actual pump test. A
certified test pump is an accurate measurement using a
pump to pinpoint the exact GPM and amount of drawdown in
the well, when in use. Most county regulations require a
certified test pump prior to issuing building and
permits. Most Lending institutions also
certified test pump.
Bonded - Insured
Drilling And Pump Service, LLC.
PO Box 165
Goldendale, WA 98620